North Uist, Barpa Langass
Alternative Names Bharpa Langass; Ben Langass
Site Type CHAMBERED CAIRN (NEOLITHIC)
Canmore ID 10236
Site Number NF86NW 6
NGR NF 83766 65733
Council WESTERN ISLES
Parish NORTH UIST
Former Region WESTERN ISLES ISLANDS AREA
Former District WESTERN ISLES
Former County INVERNESS-SHIRE
Datum OSGB36 - NGR
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Recording Your Heritage Online
Barpa Langass, 3rd millennium bc The tumulus of some eminent warrior, or perhaps of a Neolithic tribe, this is one of the best survivals of a barpa or massive chambered cairn of the passage-grave type. Prominent on the hillside, the circular mound of stones conceals the only known intact megalithic chamber in the Western Isles.
Taken from "Western Seaboard: An Illustrated Architectural Guide", by Mary Miers, 2008. Published by the Rutland Press http://www.rias.org.uk
|Notes and Activities|
NF86NW 6 8376 6573.
(NF 8381 6571) Barpa Langass (NR)
OS 6" map, Inverness-shire, 2nd ed., (1904)
Barpa Langass is a cairn 14ft high and edged by a peristalith 80ft in diameter of which 14 stones can be seen. On the E side there is a funnel-shaped forecourt within which is a mass of cairn material removed during attempts to find the passage. The latter is intact except for the outer few feet, and leads into an oval chamber 13ft 3ins long by 6ft wide, roofed with three lintels.
E Beveridge (1911) found evidence of burnt burials, sherds and wood ash in debris removed from the interior. In the late 19th century a second chamber was said to be attainable by a passage from the N side.
Finds, in the NMAS, include Beaker and IA, or later, shreds, a few flints, a barbed and tanged arrowhead, and burnt bone (presumably human).
A S Henshall 1972; E Beveridge 1911; V G Childe 1940.
This chambered cairn is as described and planned by Henshall. Nothing was seen of the second chamber.
Surveyed at 1/10,560.
Visited by OS (J T T) 10 June 1965.
|16 February 2009 to 19 February 2009||WATCHING BRIEF|
Notes NF 844 657 A watching brief was carried out on 16–19 February 2009 during the extraction of gravel for the
construction of a footpath. The extraction pits were on the northern flank of Beinn Langais, an area that was the focus for activity throughout the Neolithic period. There are two scheduled ancient monuments less than 600m from the pits; Pobuill Fhinn a stone circle (NF86NW 7), and Barpa Langass (NF86NW 6), an early Neolithic chambered burial cairn. Evidence for an early settlement, of Neolithic or perhaps even earlier date, had been discovered during widening of the main road c800m to the N of the site. No features of archaeological
significance were found during the excavation of the four gravel pits.
Archive: RCAHMS (intended). Report: CNES SMR and RCAHMS
Funder: North Uist Woodland Trust
Kate MacDonald and Rebecca Rennell – Uist Archaeology
|5 March 2010||FIELD VISIT|
Notes This chambered cairn is as described and planned by Henshall and is protected as a scheduled ancient monument. It is an impressive mound of grey stones, standing on the hillside looking NW across Loch a’ Bharpa. A peristalith of spaced slabs defines its perimeter, but this lies some way out from the steep flanks of the mound covering the chamber, suggesting that a certain amount of disturbance and reconstruction has taken place, so much so that the capstones are buried beneath a far greater depth of cairn material than has been observed elsewhere. The passage approaches the chamber from the E and has evidently undergone some reconstruction at its inner end, work that possibly also includes the coursed masonry forming its N wall. The cairn gives the appearance of standing in a shallow hollow, but this seems to be the result of differential peat growth, which has not encroached upon the better-drained matrix of the cairn material.
Visited by RCAHMS (ARG,SPH) 5 March 2010
|Books and References|
Anon (1885) Sailing Directions for the W coast of Scotland,
Armit, I (1996) The archaeology of Skye and the Western Isles, Edinburgh
Page(s): 70-5, 95 Held at RCAHMS E.2.1.ARM
Armit, I (1998i) Scotland's hidden history, Stroud, Gloucestershire
Page(s): 36-8 Figs 22-3 Held at RCAHMS E.2.1.ARM