Montrose, Sunnyside Royal Hospital

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Alternative Names Hillside, Montrose Royal Mental Hospital; Royal Lunatic Asylum
Canmore ID 107583
Site Number NO76SW 58
NGR NO 70780 61736
Council ANGUS
Former Region TAYSIDE
Former District ANGUS
Former County ANGUS
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

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Architectural Notes

Architect: Sydney Mitchell & Willson - Hospital 1888, opened 1891
Original building erected 1780-82 (see NO75NW 49, Montrose, Ferry Road)
William Middleton (reconstruction c. 1840)
John Sim - Asylum block 1901
William Kelly 1895 (extensions to original lunatic asylum)

Opened 1891

See NMRS paper catalogue Tayside, Angus L-M for newscutting from The Building Chronicle, No 28, 1 July 1856
(Vol. 2 (1856-7), p.80)

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Archaeological Notes

NO76SW 58.00 70780 61736

NO76SW 58.01 NO 70973 61784 Carnegie House

The hospital and surrounding area is visible on a RAF WW II oblique aerial photograph (No.1 CAM, 11682, flown 14 April 1943), viewed from the E.
Information from RCAHMS (DE), September 2005

12 August 2009

Project Buildings at Risk Register BARR

Notes Large E plan Jacobean with long S. frontage of 24 mullioned windows, 3-storey and basement; centre, ends and sub- centres advanced. Twisted chimneys. Dated 1857, with later additions (Historic Scotland).

Sunnyside Royal Hospital, was built in 1855-7 on a hillside site 6km north of Montrose to replace the old Royal Asylum in the town. The new site was further developed in 1888-91 when a hospital block, designed by the architects, Sydney Mitchell & Wilson, was built to the north-west of the main building, and a large villa, Carnegie Lodge, was added to house private patients. Another two villas, Howden Villa and North Esk Villa, were built in the early 1900s to provide accommodation for pauper patients, and a nurses' home was constructed in 1935.

The Royal Asylum of Montrose was founded in 1781 by Mrs Susan Carnegie of Charlton for the treatment of private and pauper lunatics, and was the first purpose-built psychiatric institute in Scotland. Prior to this, insane patients had been housed in the Old Tolbooth in the High Street. In 1858 the asylum was transferred to Moffatt's new building on the lands of a farm at Sunnyside. The new building cost £27,513, and was built in the Jacobean style Moffatt often adopted. When the lease of the farmlands expired in 1911, 52 acres were purchased for the hospital at a cost of £4,500. (RCAHMS)

BARR website

Further details

25 April 2013

Notes Simpson and Brown Architects were commissioned by Jones Lang LaSalle to complete a Conservation Plan of Sunnyside Hospital near Montrose in Angus. As part of this commission, Addyman Archaeology were to complete a short desk based assessment of the site to compliment the Conservation Plan, followed by a walkover of the grounds of the hospital, recording any archaeological features encountered. No archaeological sites of note were recorded during the preliminary research of the site or during the walkover survey.
Addyman Archaeology (R. Cameron) OASIS ID: addymana1-149309

Further details

February 2014 to July 2014

Notes A data upgrade project to record war memorials.

Further details

External Links

Angus Historic Environment Record

Charity SC026749