Aberdeen, Crabe Stone

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Alternative Names Craibstone; Craib Stone; Crab's Stone; Crabstone; Hardgate; 6 West Craibstone Street
Site Type BATTLE SITE, BOUNDARY MARKER
Canmore ID 20119
Site Number NJ90NW 21
NGR NJ 93557 05786
Council ABERDEEN, CITY OF
Parish ABERDEEN
Former Region GRAMPIAN
Former District CITY OF ABERDEEN
Former County ABERDEENSHIRE
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

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Notes and Activities

Archaeological Notes

NJ90NW 21 93557 05786.

(NJ 9355 0578) Crabe Stone. Site of Battles between the Forces of the Earl of Huntly and Lord Forbes AD 1571 and between Montrose and the Covenanters AD 1644. (NAT)
OS 1:500 map, Aberdeenshire, 1st ed. (1867).

Crabe Stone, Craibstone or Crab's Stone was a boundary stone of the lands of John Crab, who was baillie of Aberdeen in 1343. It was the site of a skirmish between the Forbeses and the Gordons on November 20th 1571, the Gordons being the victors; and the approximate site of an engagement on September 13th 1644 in which Montrose routed the Covenanters at the Justice Mills. (Justicemill Lane : NJ 934 057)
G M Fraser 1911; 1913; W Watt 1900

Crab or Crabe Stone is a roughly rectangular block of granite now built upon a brick foundation and situated against the wall of a building.
Visited by OS (JLD) 22 August 1952.

The battle fought on 13th Septmber 1644 was between a Covenanter force of 2,000 foot, 500 cavalry and some heavy artillery, defending the city of Aberdeen, who were opposed by around 1,500 foot and 75 horse led by the Marquis of Montrose. The latter was victorious.
M Brander 1975.

NJ 9355 0578. Stone, 'Crabstane'.
D I Harding 1997.

The Crabe or Craib Stone is a granite boulder, measuring 0.63m in breadth and 0.7m in height, which has been set into a modern wall about 1m above the level of the pavement; there is a commemorative plaque on the wall above the stone.
Visited by RCAHMS (JRS, ATW), 26 February 1997.

 
Books and References

Brander, M (1975) Scottish and Border Battles and Ballads,
Page(s): 137-8 plan

Fraser, G (1913) Antiquities of Aberdeen and neighbourhood,
Page(s): 13

Fraser, G M (1911) Aberdeen street names: their history, meaning, and personal associations, Aberdeen
Page(s): 117-18 Held at RCAHMS D.5.13.ABS

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