Aberdeen Castle

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Alternative Names Castlehill; Aberdeen, Castle Hill, Barracks
Canmore ID 20130
Site Number NJ90NW 22
NGR NJ 9460 0640
Former Region GRAMPIAN
Former District CITY OF ABERDEEN
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

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Architectural Notes

Aberdeen, Castle Hill, Castlehill Barracks.

Probably 18th Century, 1794-6.

Plans: See G.M.Fraser's "Historical Aberdeen" pp.74-75
" " " Archibald Simpson, architect and his times. 1908.

Notes and Activities Click to sort results by Event date ascending

Archaeological Notes

NJ90NW 22 9460 0640

See also NJ90NW 786.

(NJ 9560 0640) Infantry Barracks on site of Castle (NR)
OS 1:500 Aberdeenshire, 2nd ed., (1901).

The barracks stand on Castle Hill occupying the area within the ramparts of the Castle of Aberdeen which is first mentioned in 1264, was surrendered to Edward 1 after 1285 and was retaken by Bruce in 1308. Many years later it was razed by the townspeople and St Ninian's Chapel (NJ90NW 38) was built on its site c.1500.
Name Book 1866; G M Fraser 1905.

The site of the castle, on a high eminence over-looking the city, is now occupied by flats.
Visited by OS (JLD) 20 August 1952.

Suggested as motte.
P A Yeoman 1988.

(Additional references cited).
NMRS, MS/712/83.

Air photograph, Cromwell's bastion and site of the castle: AAS/00/08/CT.
NMRS, MS/712/100.

Nothing is visible of either the motte or the later castle of Aberdeen, which lie in a built-up part of the city.
Visited by RCAHMS (JRS, ATW), 26 February 1997.

1306 to 1329

Notes The year 2014 sees the 700th anniversary of the Battle of Bannockburn, in which the army of Robert I of Scotland defeated that of Edward II of England. The battle marked a major turning point in the long, drawn-out struggle of the Wars of Independence.

The Wars have had a lasting influence upon all the nations of the United Kingdom and upon the national story. Each age has seen fit to commemorate the events in its own way: through the perpetuation of the genuine historical associations of buildings and places and also through the endowment of others with improbable or fanciful traditions. Where past generations allowed its historic buildings to decay and disappear, later generations began to value and actively preserve these for their associations. Where an event lacked a tangible reminder, as at Kinghorn where Alexander III was killed in a riding accident, a commemorative monument would be erected to act as a focus. The Wars of Independence predate the fashion for accurate portraiture: the weathered, generic military effigy of Sir James Douglas is one of the few to survive in Scotland. Later centuries saw a need and supplied it by a crowd of images of its historic heroes, William Wallace and Robert the Bruce, each depicted according to contemporary taste and imagination. The opening of the new heritage centre at Bannockburn takes this into a new dimension, through the use of three-dimensional, digital technology.

RCAHMS Collections hold many images of these buildings and locations from battlefields, castles and churches, to the many commemorative monuments erected in later years. This gallery highlights a selection of these, including antiquarian sketches, photographic and drawn surveys, and architectural designs.

Further details

Books and References

Bogdan and Bryce, N and I B D (1991) 'Castles, manors and 'town houses' survey', Discovery Excav Scot
Page(s): 23

Coventry, M (2001) The castles of Scotland Musselburgh
Page(s): 43-44 Held at RCAHMS F.5.2.COV

Fraser, G M (1904) Historical Aberdeen: the green and its story, Aberdeen
Page(s): 74-75 Held at RCAHMS D.5.13.ABS

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