Hatston

© Copyright and database right 2014. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100020548.

Alternative Names 'Just About Anything Earth-House'; Grainbank; Grain Earth-House
Site Type SOUTERRAIN, STRUCTURE(S)
Canmore ID 2535
Site Number HY41SW 24
NGR HY 4418 1159
Council ORKNEY ISLANDS
Parish KIRKWALL AND ST OLA
Former Region ORKNEY ISLANDS AREA
Former District ORKNEY
Former County ORKNEY
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

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Archaeological Notes

HY41SW 24 4418 1159

A souterrain with a corbelled roof, partially intact, was found filled with peat-ash during car park and road construction. It may have had a side cell to the north. The souterrain was later blocked off and a new cell built to the north-east. A large structure was built on top, containing earth and paved floors and a hearth. Beyond the structure to the south was a stone setting and an extensive earth floor. It is not known how these preserved structures, of Iron Age date, relate to the adjacent Guardanship site of the Grainbank souterrain. Finds are deposited in Tankerness House Museum, Kirkwall.
D Haigh and B Smith 1982.


 ORKNEY SMR NOTE

Notes An area 5m x15m immediately to the W of the Grainbank earth-house, (OR 1555) was scrapped of topsoil during the construction of a car-park at the Hatston Industrial Estate. Archaeological deposits were uncovered immediately adjacent to the Grainbank earth house. An earth-house of at least two phases was found lying 6m west of the Grainbank structure. Another Iron Age building overlay the earth-house and fragmentary remains of the other structures survived to the N and S.
Based upon Petrie's recording that Farrer had in 1857 found he investigated Grainbank ' remains of walls running in various directions.....' etc, the writers believed they had found another part of 'what appears to have been quite an extensive Iron Age settlement', the relationship of which to the Grainbank earth-house was unclear and propose that a full investigation be launched should the site ever become threatened.
Full description of excavation and details with drawings and plans in OR detailed records.
Finds in Tankerness House Museum.
Information from Orkney SMR [n.d.]

Further details

1982
 EXCAVATION

Notes A souterrain with a corbelled roof, partially intact, was found filled with peat-ash during car park and road construction. It may have had a side cell to the north. The souterrain was later blocked off and a new cell built to the north-east. A large structure was built on top, containing earth and paved floors and a hearth. Beyond the structure to the south was a stone setting and an extensive earth floor. It is not known how these preserved structures, of Iron Age date, relate to the adjacent Guardanship site of the Grainbank souterrain. Finds are deposited in Tankerness House Museum, Kirkwall.
D Haigh and B Smith 1982.

Further details

 
Books and References

Haigh and Smith, D and B (1982) 'Hatston, (Kirkwall and St Ola p). Earth-house and related structures', Discovery Excav Scot
Page(s): 18

Haigh, D (1984) 'A second earth-house at Grainbank, St Ola, Orkney', Proc Soc Antiq Scot, vol.113
Page(s): 367-72

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Charity SC026749