Rousay, Knowe Of Yarso

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Canmore ID 2623
Site Number HY42NW 1
NGR HY 4048 2795
Former District ORKNEY
Former County ORKNEY
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

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C14 Radiocarbon Dating
C14 radiocarbon dating

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Archaeological Notes

HY42NW 1 4048 2795.

(HY 4046 2795) Brough (NR) (Site of)

"Knowe of Yarso", an Orkney-Cromarty stalled cairn situated on the very edge of a 50yd wide shelf which drops in a cliff to the terrace below. Before excavtions, in 1934, it was a low grass-grown mound from which some slabs protruded.
The cairn is more or less rectangular in plan, with rounded corners, the major axis lying NW by W and SE by E and measures 50' by 25' 6" with a maximum height of 6'. There is an outer and inner wall face encircling the cairn, the inner 2' 4" behind the outer. The roughly paved passage, 13' 2" long, enters the chamber from the SE. The chamber, 24' 1" long and 5' 5" to 6' wide, is divided into three compartments by upright transverse slabs. The cairn contained the bones of at least twenty-nine individuals as well as those of at least thirty-six reindeer, sheep and a dog. Finds included fragments of food-vessel and beaker pottery, four arrowheads and more than sixty other flint implements and five bone tools, which were donatgd to the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland (NMAS) in 1934 by Walter A Grant.
A S Henshall 1963; J G Callander and W G Grant 1935; RCAHMS 1946.

'Knowe of Yarso' as described and planned by Henshall and now restored and preserved by DOE.
Surveyed at 1/2500.
Visited by OS(ISS) 9 October 1972.


Notes Artefacts: RMS EO 393-484
Human rems: 1 skull in RMS, ref L 1945 7, 4 in Anatomy Dept,
University of Aberdeen
Animal rems: RMS

C14 date of 2275 +- 60 BC (calibrated to 2940 +- 110 BC) from red deer bone. [R5]
Information from Orkney SMR [n.d.]

Further details


Project The Chambered Cairns of Rousay

Notes Visited by Childe in 1941.
V G Childe 1942

Further details

Books and References

Callander and Grant, J G and W G (1935) 'A long stalled cairn, the Knowe of Yarso, in Rousay, Orkney', Proc Soc Antiq Scot, vol.69
Page(s): 11, 325-351 (Excav report, plans, photos etc)

Green, H S (1980) The flint arrowheads of the British Isles: a detailed study of material from England and Wales with comparanda from Scotland and Ireland, Brit Archaeol Rep, BAR British, vol.75 2v Oxford
Page(s): 288 Held at RCAHMS P.81

Henshall, A S (1963a) The chambered tombs of Scotland,, vol.1 Edinburgh
Page(s): 215, ORK.32 Fig.27 Held at RCAHMS E.7.1.HEN

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Charity SC026749