Rousay, Bigland Long

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Canmore ID 2708
Site Number HY43SW 12
NGR HY 4354 3214
Former District ORKNEY
Former County ORKNEY
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

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Archaeological Notes

HY43SW 12 4354 3214.

(HY 435 321) 'Bigland Long Cairn', an Orkney-Cromarty stalled cairn, lies in the bottom of the valley, between Bigland and Swandale farms and is crossed by the boundary fence. It has been considerably disturbed and robbed, and is now turf-covered. It measures approximately 80ft by 40, and is about 3ft high, with the main axis NW-SE.
On the NE side a small length of wall is exposed indicating the actual width of the cairn is about 26ft. A number of stones just project through the turf; these are best interpreted as the back and divisional stones of two chambers. The larger chamber, to the NW, is aligned along the main axis. It is about 38ft long and is divided into six compartments. A small secondary chamber has been constructed to the SE, and has evidently blocked the entrance to the larger chamber. It is aligned on a different axis, the entrance facing ESE, and is approximately 16ft long with only two divisional stones surviving. The passage has been destroyed.
A S Henshall 1963; RCAHMS 1946. Visited 1935.

A chambered cairn at HY 4354 3214, mainly as described and planned by Henshall.
Surveyed at 1:2500.
Visited by OS(ISS) 18 October 1972.


Notes Mutilated grass and heather-covered mound 80ft NW-SE x 40ft
x 3ft average height, erect slabs indicate a stalled cairn of
possibly six compartments. At SE end is a peculiar extension on
a different alignment. [R1]
Orkney-Cromarty stalled cairn crossed boundary fence, much
robbed and disturbed, turfed. It has a main chamber and a
secondary smaller one on a different alignment - Detailed
description. [R2]
Information from Orkney SMR [n.d.]

Further details

Books and References

Davidson and Henshall, J L and A S (1989) The chambered cairns of Orkney: an inventory of the structures and their contents, Edinburgh
Page(s): 101, no. 1 plan Held at RCAHMS E.7.11.HEN

Henshall, A S (1963a) The chambered tombs of Scotland,, vol.1 Edinburgh
Page(s): 183, ORK.1 Plan, fig.14 Held at RCAHMS E.7.1.HEN

RCAHMS (1946) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Twelfth report with an inventory of the ancient monuments of Orkney and Shetland, 3v Edinburgh
Page(s): 205, No.566 Held at RCAHMS A.1.1.INV/12

RCAHMS (1982d) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The archaeological sites and monuments of Rousay, Egilsay and Wyre, Orkney Islands Area, The archaeological sites and monuments of Scotland series no 16 Edinburgh
Page(s): 15, No. 1 Held at RCAHMS A.1.2.ARC/16

Renfrew, A C (1979) Investigations in Orkney, Society of Antiquaries of London, Research Report No. 38, London
Page(s): 14, 220, 223 Held at RCAHMS E.7.11.REN

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Charity SC026749