Alternative Names Clatchard's Craig
Site Type FORT, UNIDENTIFIED FLINT (FLINT), UNIDENTIFIED POTTERY (NEOLITHIC)
Canmore ID 30074
Site Number NO21NW 18
NGR NO 2435 1780
Former Region FIFE
Former District NORTH EAST FIFE
Former County FIFE
Datum OSGB36 - NGR
View this site on a map
C14 Radiocarbon Dating
C14 radiocarbon dating
|Notes and Activities|
NO21NW 18 2435 1780
For cist and urn, gold finger-ring, carved stone ball, saddle quern and pottery from Clatchard Craig, see NO21NW 20, NO21NW 22, NO21NW 33, NO21NW 34, NO21NW 75 respectively.
(NO 2435 1780) Fort (NR)
OS 1:10,560 map, 1959.
The fort on Clatchard Craig has now been quarried away, but rescue excavations, carried out for the Ministry of Works in 1954,1959 and 1960 revealed that it comprised three main structural phases, the latest being the sub-rectangular enclosure on top, which measured 230' by c. 115' from which relics of Dark Age date were obtained. This stood within a heavy oval rampart, 330' by 200'. The next rampart overlay a series of hearths in which pottery was found, and in this rampart was found masonry block with adherent mortar in which were fragments of tile. The third rampart, like the two preceding was timber-laced, later replaced by earth and stone, and at one point the stones were vitrified. There were a further two ramparts with minor additions and supplementary features.
Numerous finds of IA date were made and are now in the NMAS.
Two spindle whorls are in Perth Museum. (Acc No 20/1966)
RCAHMS 1933; P R Ritchie 1954; S Cruden 1959; S Cruden 1960; R W Feachem 1963; R Butchard 1967.
The fort has been completley destroyed by quarrying.
Revised at 1/2500.
Visited by OS (R D) 20 May 1970.
Defences trenched by P R Ritchie in 1953-4, and further excavation by R Hope-Simpson in 1959 and 1960; since destroyed by quarrying.
Neolithic pottery found and burnt and broken flint tool of Neolithic or Bronze Age date.
Iron smithing slag found in outer enclosure: may be of Iron Age or Dark Age date.
Finds of Iron Age date; stone disc (possibly spindle whorl roughout), pottery, clay ball, bronze ring, shale ring, shale bracelet.
Finds of Roman date or possibly so; Samian pottery, rotary quernstone. Dark Age finds; openwork ornament, pin from penannular brooch, small pelta-decorated disc, pottery (E-ware), clay moulds and metalworking debris, glass bead, silver ingot.
Rampart 1 390+-55 bc GU-1794
Rampart 1 600+-75 bc GU-1795
Rampart 2 475+-55 bc GU-1796
Rampart 3 480+-60 bc GU 1797
Rampart 3 550+-55 bc GU-1798
Clatchard Craig: Summary of Use of Hill:
(The numbered events are not necessarily consecutive. Related events in brackets.)
1 Earlier Neolithic pottery deposited.
2 Late Neolithic stone ball lost.
(Beaker or early Bronze-Age cist burial at base of hill: one ?beaker sherd found on hill in excavation.)
2. Iron Age and Roman
3 Iron-Age occupation attested by a scatter of pottery in both upper and lower enclosures (fourth century BC-first century AD?)
4 Limited occupation in the second-third centuries AD suggested by a few artefacts.
5 Construction of the timber-laced ramparts 1 and 3 in the sixth or seventh century AD; their subsequent destruction by fire.
6 Construction of ramparts 3a-6, perhaps added to 1 and 3, more probably replacing them; perhaps two or more phases.
7 Occupation in the interior attested by finds including two sherds of E-ware, a glass bead, a scrap of imported glass, a pelta-decorated disc, animal bones and iron slag etc may be contemporary with one or other or both of the defensive phases listed under 5 and 6.
8 Construction of rampart 2 on a new line, perhaps after a break in occupation.
9 Final occupation in the upper enclosure, with the collapsed back of rampart 1 cut away. A short phase of fine metalworking activity in the eighth century AD succeeded by construction of a paved hearth apparently within a rectangular building. The relationship of this occupation to rampart 2 is unknown.
(Long cist cemetery on Mare's Craig: may be contemporary with the Dark-Age occupation.)
(c 1025: Viking hoard of silver coins and 'gold chains and bracelets' deposited at Parkhill, Lindores.)
(Late 12th century: foundation of Lindores Abbey.)
J Close-Brooks 1986.
Fort [NR] (site of) [NAT]
OS 1:10,000 map, 1974.
Non-Guardianship Sites Plan Collection,DC23176- DC23183, 1955,1959 & 1960.
|24 April 1951||FIELD VISIT|
Project Marginal Land Survey
Notes Fort Clatchard Craig (Inv. 5)
There is nothing to add to the plan and description given in the Inventory.
Visited by RCAHMS 24 April 1951
|Books and References|
Armit, I (1999b) 'Life after Hownam: the Iron Age in south-east Scotland', in Bevan, B Northern exposure: interpretive devolution and the Iron Ages in Britain, Leicester archaeology monographs No. 4 Leicester
Page(s): 74 Held at RCAHMS E.9.BEV
Butchart, R (1966a) 'Clatchard Craig, near Newburgh, saddle quern, spindle whorl', Discovery Excav Scot
Close-Brooks, J (1987b) 'Clatchard Craig, a Pictish hillfort in Fife', in Small, A The Picts: a new look at old problems, Dundee
Page(s): 27-30 Held at RCAHMS E.11.SMA