© Copyright and database right 2015. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100020548.

Alternative Names Leuchars; Earlshall Policies
Canmore ID 33209
Site Number NO42SE 3
NGR NO 46475 21083
Council FIFE
Former Region FIFE
Former District NORTH EAST FIFE
Former County FIFE
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

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Architectural Notes

NO42SE 3.00 46475 21083 Earlshall

NO42SE 3.01 46511 21079 Walled Garden
NO42SE 3.02 46445 21147 Lodge
NO42SE 3.03 46509 21080 Sundial to East side of Terraced Garden
NO42SE 3.04 46464 21057 Sundial to West of House
NO42SE 4 46460 21001 Dovecot


PSAS IV, p.987, notice of painted room

EAA Cuttings Book - note of visit by EAA

Lorimer Collection.
Part of a collection of painted designs related to the ceilings-and perhaps also walls and fabrics - of Earlshall, Fife. Three of the painted fragments are of the black and white distemper patterns on the timber-panelled ceilings of Earlshall's gallery (2nd floor) and ante-room, which were restored by Mr Nixon of Moxon and Carfrae c.1873 (see Fife: Pictorial and Historical, Vol.1. p 347 by A H Millar).

Fragment of F.S. painted design from Gallery Ceiling with detail of the 'Asse' panel, which is above the door which leads to the stairs.
Insc: (front, in ink): 'Old south ceiling decoration'
(back, in pencil): 'Coloured decoration'.
n/s n/d.
Brown and black paint on cartridge

Fragment related to /1. gallery ceiling? of gallery walls? or ante-room
Brown & black paint on paper

Fragment of /1

Survey of decorated panelling at the 'Old House, Lawnmarket'.
Insc: 'Painted Ceiling of Old house, Lawnmarket, recently pulled down' (front, in ink).
'Coloured decoration' (back, in pencil).
Floral, bird and animal designs
N/s n/d
Ink and paint on linen

F.S. stencilled design for damask? - at Earlshall??
n/s n/d n/insc.
Pencil and paint on green paper

Non-Guardianship Sites Plan Collection, DC23457- DC23477, 1961

(Undated) information in NMRS.

Notes and Activities

Archaeological Notes

NO42SE 3.00 46475 21083

(NO 4647 2107) Earlshall (NR)
OS 6" map (1919)

NO42SE 3.01 NO 46511 21079 Walled Garden
NO42SE 3.02 NO 46445 21147 Lodge
NO42SE 3.03 NO 46509 21080 Sundial to East side of Terraced Garden
NO42SE 3.04 NO 46464 21057 Sundial to West of House

See also:
NO42SE 4 NO 46460 21003 Dovecot

The erection of the mansion of Earlshall was begun in 1546. The S range was added in the 17th century. The house was ruinous about 1890, but has since been "carefully and judiciously restored".

Earlshall is a perfect example of a 16/17th century mansion.
D MacGibbon and T Ross 1887

Illustration of Earlshall Castle in 1872 - before restoration.
W Borthwick 1954

Earlshall is as described above, and is in excellent condition.
Visited by OS (RDL) 5 June 1964.

Books and References

Billing, R W (1901) The baronial and ecclesiastical antiquites of Scotland (with an appreciation by R Rowland Anderson), (Four Volumes)
Page(s): 1 engraving

Billings, R W (1845-52) The baronial and ecclesiastical antiquities of Scotland, 4v Edinburgh
Page(s): 1 engraving Held at RCAHMS D.2.R

Billings, R W (1901) The baronial and ecclesiastical antiquities of Scotland, 4v. Edinburgh
Page(s): 1 engraving Held at RCAHMS D.2.R

Borthwick, W (1954) Handbook of Leuchars Parish Church, St Athernase, {s.l.} (St Andrews)
Page(s): 7 Held at RCAHMS D.4.3.LEU.P

Coe, G (1996) Coe's castles: a touring guide to the castles of Scotland: the kingdom of Fife, No 2 the Howe of Fife, [S.l.]
Page(s): pp 33-35 Held at RCAHMS D.4.1.COE.P

Country Life v.1 (January-June 1897) to October 22, 2014 [s.l.]
Page(s): July 1st 1905, pp942-51 Held at RCAHMS P.75

Coventry, M (2008) Castles of the Clans: the strongholds and seats of 750 Scottish families and clans, Musselburgh
Page(s): 34 Held at RCAHMS F.5.21.COV

Earlshall (1983b) Earlshall, Leuchars, Fife: [contents sale catalogue], Glasgow
Held at RCAHMS Print

Edinburgh Architectural Association (1876) Sketch book 1875-76,, vol.1
Page(s): 1 plate Held at RCAHMS D.2.L.R

Farrah, L (1993) Between 1979 and 1992, more than 60 great Scottish houses were sold, some becoming hotels, others commercial and leisure establishments. Now there are moves to try and ensure historic seats and estates can remain with their ancestral families ['The Disintegration of a Heritage', exhibition: review, newscutting] The Scotsman 23 July 1993
Held at RCAHMS S S.N

Forman, S (1952g) 'Earlshall in the kingdom of Fife', Scot Fld, vol.100, 594 June
Page(s): 30-1 Held at RCAHMS D.4.3.EAR.P

House and Garden v.7 no. 2 (Feb 1952) to v.23 no. 5 (June 1968). Missing issues: 7.3, 7.4, 7-6 to 7.12, 8.1 to 8.4, 11.4, 11.5, 11.7, 11.9 to 11.12, 12.1 to 18.5, 18.7 to 18.9, 18.11 to 20.9, 20.11 to 21.2, 21.4 to 23.2 and June 2006, London
Page(s): June 1954, Vol 9 No6, pp 60-63 Held at RCAHMS P.110

Knight Frank and Rutley (1983a) Earlshall, Leuchars, Fife: [sale particulars], Edinburgh
Held at RCAHMS D.4.3.EAR.S

Lorimer, R S (1892) 'Earlshall', Trans Edinburgh Architect Ass, vol.2
Page(s): 172-4

Lyons, A W (1904) 'Tempera-painting in Scotland during the early part of the seventeenth century', Proc Soc Antiq Scot, vol.38
Page(s): 151-73

MacGibbon and Ross, D and T (1887-92) The castellated and domestic architecture of Scotland from the twelfth to the eighteenth centuries, 5v Edinburgh
Page(s): Vol.2, 282-91 Held at RCAHMS F.5.21.MAC

McKean, C (1990) 'Scots style revival', Roy Inst Brit Architect J September 1990
Page(s): 49

RCAHMS (1933) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Eleventh report with inventory of monuments and constructions in the counties of Fife, Kinross, and Clackmannan Edinburgh
Page(s): 193-7, No.400 Held at RCAHMS A.1.1.INV/11

Savage, P (1977a) 'Lorimer and the garden heritage of Scotland', J Garden Hist Soc, vol.5, 2 (Summer 1977)
Page(s): 30-40 Held at RCAHMS H.2.LOR.P

Savage, P (1980) Lorimer and the Edinburgh craft designers, London; Edinburgh
Held at RCAHMS H.2.LOR

Savills (1994) Earlshall Castle, Leuchars, by St Andrews, Fife: [sale particulars], Edinburgh
Held at RCAHMS D.4.3.EAR.S

Sparrow, W S (ed.) (1904) The British home of today: a book of modern domestic architecture and the applied arts, London
Page(s): sketch of house and garden Held at RCAHMS F.5.5.SPA

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