Arran, Whiting Bay, Giant's Graves

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Alternative Names Giants' Graves North
Site Type CHAMBERED CAIRN
Canmore ID 40122
Site Number NS02SW 2
NGR NS 04300 24670
Council NORTH AYRSHIRE
Parish KILBRIDE
Former Region STRATHCLYDE
Former District CUNNINGHAME
Former County BUTESHIRE
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

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Archaeological Notes

NS02SW 2 04300 24670

(NS 0429 2467 and NS 0430 2463) Giants' Graves (NR)
Cairns (NR)
Human Remains, Pottery, Flint Knives and Arrowheads found AD 1902 (NAT)
OS 6" map, (1924).

For cairn at NS 0430 2463, see also NS02SW 3.

Giants' Graves N: Clyde group, long cairn: This cairn has been much robbed and is now covered with turf and bracken. The surface is irregular, mainly 2-3ft high, but rising to 5ft on the W. The edges are well-defined. The main axis of the cairn is N-S, the N end being wider with a concave facade. The width at the N end has been about 70ft, but the exact measurement cannot be given as the N half of the E side has been disturbed. The sides of the cairn are straight, converging gently to a width of 46ft at 90ft from the N end, at which point there seems to have been a straight facade. In its present form the cairn extends for a further 23ft into a rounded end. The forecourt has been about 41 ft across and 20 ft deep. The NW horn is clearly visible, square-ended and 15 ft wide; the NE horn is defined by a large upright stone, 5ft wide and 4ft high, and a similar stone, now fallen forwards, stood at the inner corner of the NW horn. The forecourt area is partly filled with cairn material.
The chamber is 22ft long from inside the outer portal stones, it varies from 5ft to 2ft 7ins wide. At the time of excavation in 1902, the septal stones and end-stone were missing. The chamber was found to have been previously disturbed, but a layer of charcoal was found along the bottom (Bryce 1903). Artifacts found, now in the NMAS (Acc Nos EO 256-268) included beaker sherds, 'U' pottery sherds, flint knives, leaf-shaped arrowheads. Fragments of burnt bone (EO 271) were also found in the chamber. 33ft S of the main chamber are the remains of a second chamber, 7ft 6ins long.
T H Bryce 1903; J G Callander 1929; A S Henshall 1972, visited 1962.

NS 0429 2467. "Giants' Grave North" (name confirmed) is as described by Miss Henshall.
Surveyed at 1:2500.
Visited by OS (B S) 24 November 1977.

14 June 2006 to 15 June 2006
 EXCAVATION

Notes NS 043 247 AOC Archaeology Group undertook a limited archaeological excavation and survey under the terms of the Historic Scotland Human Remains Call-off Contract between 14 and 15 June 2006. The work was carried out after the reporting to Historic Scotland of an area of disturbance containing burnt bone fragments at the side of the northern cairn of the monument known as Giant¿s Graves in the SE of Arran. Inspection of the site revealed cremated bone (presumably human) visible on the surface in an irregularly shaped area measuring approximately 2m E-W by 2m N-S adjacent to the W side of the northern cairn. The erosion in this area appears to derive from foot traffic created by the many visitors to the site. A single test pit measuring 1.00 x 0.85m was excavated in the disturbed area and the cremated bone was recovered by sieving. A single sherd of prehistoric pottery and a retouched flint were recovered from the excavation area. The deposits subject to the erosion probably derive from antiquarian excavation in the late 19th century.
Archive to be deposited with NMRS.
Sponsor: Historic Scotland.
M Roy 2006

Further details

 
Books and References

Bryce, T H (1903) 'On the cairns of Arran: a record of further explorations during the season of 1902', Proc Soc Antiq Scot, vol.37
Page(s): 44-52

Callander, J G (1929b) 'Scottish neolithic pottery', Proc Soc Antiq Scot, vol.63
Page(s): 48

Clarke, Cowie and Foxon, D V, T G and A (1985) Symbols of power at the time of Stonehenge, Edinburgh
Page(s): 170, 174, 235, (ill. 2.5, 2.6) Held at RCAHMS E.7.CLA

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Charity SC026749