Prestonpans, Preston Cross

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Alternative Names Preston Mercat Cross
Site Type MARKET CROSS
Canmore ID 53728
Site Number NT37SE 8
NGR NT 39156 74045
Council EAST LOTHIAN
Parish PRESTONPANS
Former Region LOTHIAN
Former District EAST LOTHIAN
Former County EAST LOTHIAN
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Canmore Mapping
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Architectural Notes

NMRS REFERENCE:

PLANS:
For housing for E Lothian C.C.

Dick Peddie & MacKay, Edinburgh new

Bin 21, Bag 3 Dick Peddie, Todd & Jamieson

1937

Notes and Activities

Archaeological Notes

NT37SE 8 39156 74045

(NT 3915 7405) Cross (NR)
OS 6" map, (1966)

Preston Cross still stands where and as it was built, in the early 17th century. It consists of a circular structure, 14' in diameter and 12' high, with niches and a parapet, within which rises a tall oval sectioned shaft surmounted by a unicorn bearing a cartouche, on which is carved a lion. It was probably erected by the Hamiltons of Preston after they obtained the right to hold a fair in 1617.
There is an early 17th century fragment of a circular sandstone shaft, 2'2" in diameter and 3' high, built of two stones, some 30' E of the cross. Its workmanship and design are crude; the moulded circular base, 6 1/2" thick, lies beside the shaft.
The mouldings resemble those on the base of the cross and are probably derived therefrom.
RCAHMS 1924, visited 1919; V G Childe and W D Simpson 1954.

The cross is as described. The fragment of the shaft could not be found. The name 'Preston Cross' is in general use.
Visited by OS (RD) 4 January 1972.

 
Books and References

Baldwin, J (1997) Edinburgh, Lothians and the Borders, Exploring Scotland's Heritage series Edinburgh
Page(s): 81 No. 17 Held at RCAHMS A.1.4.HER

Baldwin, J R (1985) Exploring Scotland's heritage: Lothian and the Borders, Exploring Scotland's heritage series Edinburgh
Page(s): 44-5, no. 13 Held at RCAHMS A.1.4.HER

Childe and Simpson, V G and W D (1954) Illustrated guide to ancient monuments in the ownership or guardianship of The Ministry of Works: volume vi: Scotland, Edinburgh
Page(s): 89 Held at RCAHMS D.20.ANC.R

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