Broomhill Black Dyke
Alternative Names Black Dikes; Blackadder Water
Site Type TRACK
Canmore ID 57301
Site Number NT64NE 6
NGR NT 6922 4797
Council SCOTTISH BORDERS, THE
Former Region BORDERS
Former District BERWICKSHIRE
Former County BERWICKSHIRE
Datum OSGB36 - NGR
NGR Desc NT 6922 4797 to NT 6999 4669
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|Notes and Activities|
NT64NE 6 6922 4797 to 6999 4669.
(NT 6922 4797 - NT 6999 4669) Black Dyke (NAT) (Course of)
OS 6" map, (1957).
(NT 6922 4797 - NT 6999 4669) Black Dikes (NR)
(NT 6935 4792 - NT 6946 4823)
OS 6" map, Berwickshire, 2nd ed., (1909).
On the S side of the Blackadder Water, exactly opposite Blackcastle Rings (NT64NE 5) is the beginning of an entrenchment which runs about half a mile along the bank, and then turns off south in the direction of Hume Castle.
That part of it which runs in a southerly direction is called the Black Dikes. A number of gold and silver coins of Edward III (1327-77) were found about two years ago (i.e. 1832) when removing the turf for a quarry in the line of this trench. (See NT64NE 10)
Broomhill Black Dyke: This dyke has, especially in its northern half, more the appearance of a road of not very early date; there are no signs of a mound, and its windings are those of a road rather than of a Black Dyke.
The manner in which it descends to the Blackadder is also suggestive of a road, and it is also significant that the NSA (supra) states that the name Black Dikes was only given to that portion in Blackdikes and Crawlee Strips.
J H Craw 1928.
The OS surveyor noted a length of ditch with banks on each side in the plantation N of Crawlee - NT 6998 4660 to 6995 4647; and the OS 1st ed 6" of 1862 shows 'supposed site of' to the course of 'Black Dyke' in a field between NT 6971 4685 and 6993 4647.
Visited by OS 12 January 1955
At NT 6895 4797: Hollow way up to 5m wide an 1.7m deep (RD 1970).
Possible course of the dyke. (Craw 1928)
NT 6910 4795 to NT 6902 4757: No sign of a mound. This stretch appears to be more like a cart track, being a slight hollow in the ground (JD 1955; RD 1970).
NT 6902 4757 to NT 6938 4714: There is no trace of the dyke (JD 1955; RD 1970).
NT 6945 4824 to NT 6930 4805: Not a dyke. Shows as a track (JD 1955).
NT 6930 4805 to 6936 4795: This is not a dyke. It is a track, possibly sheep, which descends from the top of a steep slope to the river (JD 1955).
Visited by OS (JD) 1955; (RD) August 1970
Information from OS.
J H Craw 1928
The course of the dyke depicted on the OS 6" 1909 follows, for a greater part of its length, the top edge of a very steep (almost vertical in places) valley slope. It then runs along the top of a gently sloping ridge until it reaches a crossing point of Blackadder Water. This route indicates that it is almost certainly not a dyke but it is probably a track as suggested by Craw. There are no surveyable remains of this linear on the ground.
Visited by OS(MJF) 26 June 1979.
|Books and References|
Barber, J (1999) 'The linear earthworks of Southern Scotland; survey and classification', Trans Dumfriesshire Galloway Natur Hist Antiq Soc, 3rd, vol.73
Craw, J H (1928) 'The Black Dykes of Berwickshire', Hist Berwickshire Natur Club, vol.26, 3
NSA (1834-1845) The new statistical account of Scotland by the ministers of the respective parishes under the superintendence of a committee of the society for the benefit of the sons and daughters of the clergy, 15v Edinburgh
Page(s): Vol.2, (Berwickshire), 43 Held at RCAHMS B.2.2.STA