Monreith, Cross

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Alternative Names Monreith Cross
Site Type CROSS, GRAVESTONE, INSCRIBED STONE
Canmore ID 62773
Site Number NX34SE 3
NGR NX 3559 4288
Council DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY
Parish MOCHRUM
Former Region DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY
Former District WIGTOWN
Former County WIGTOWNSHIRE
Datum OSGB36 - NGR
NGR Desc NX 3559 4288 and NX 3565 4289

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Notes and Activities

Archaeological Notes

NX34SE 3 3559 4288 and 3565 4289.

(NX 3559 4288) Cross (NR)
OS 6" map (1957)

In the grounds of Monreith House is a free-standing wheel-headed cross. It measures 7'6" x 1'6" diameter across the head, x 6" thick. It formerly stood on Court Hill at the Mower, the old Mansion House of the Barony of Monreith, and it has been surmised that its original site may have been Kirkmaiden (but see Reid 1948, below). Collingwood gives a 10th century date for this cross.
RCAHMS 1912; J E Allen and J Anderson 1903; W G Collingwood 1925

Sir Herbert Maxwell (in his 'Evening Memories') records that when Sir William Maxwell moved his residence from Dowies to Monreith in 1684 he decided to move the cross that stood beside the old house of Ballingreen on an elevation known as the Mowr (see NX34SE 18). In transporting it, the shaft was broken in two, and it was replaced on the Mower, where it remained until Sir Herbert's father set it up at Monreith House. Under guardianship.
R C Reid 1948

OS 25" 1908 records "Inscribed Stones" at this site. The other stone involved is an intermediate position for a cross found at Craiglemine, and now in the NMAS (IB 121) (See NX43NW 11).
J Stuart 1867

The cross 'A' is as described and illustrated.
Two other stones are situated nearby:-
'B' at NX 3559 4288 by the entrance to the house is 1.3m high by 0.4m by 0.2m. It bears a central groove with seventeen grooves either side. Its purpose is obscure.
'C' at NX 3565 4289 measures 1.0m high by 0.4m by 0.1m and bears the inscription IONHA and the date 1694. This is presumably a burial slab. Revised at 1:2500.
Visited by OS (IA) 1 February 1973

The cross "A" was removed in 1974 for restoration and is now at Whithorn Museum (Mrs Crabb, Monreith House, Port William). The stones "B" and "C" are as described in the previous field report.
"B" and "C" surveyed at 1:2500.
Visited by OS (TRG) 26 April 1977.

 
Books and References

Allen and Anderson, J R and J (1903) The early Christian monuments of Scotland: a classified illustrated descriptive list of the monuments with an analysis of their symbolism and ornamentation, Edinburgh
Page(s): 485 Held at RCAHMS G.1.11.ALL

Collingwood, W G (1925) 'The early crosses of Galloway', Trans Dumfriesshire Galloway Natur Hist Antiq Soc, 3rd, vol.10
Page(s): 219-22

RCAHMS (1912) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Fourth report and inventory of monuments and constructions in Galloway, 1, county of Wigtown, Edinburgh
Page(s): 85, No.227 Held at RCAHMS A.1.1.INV(4).R

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