Dumfries, Castledykes

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Site Type CASTLE, MOTTE
Canmore ID 65688
Site Number NX97SE 2
NGR NX 9775 7467
Council DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY
Parish DUMFRIES
Former Region DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY
Former District NITHSDALE
Former County DUMFRIES-SHIRE
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

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Notes and Activities

Archaeological Notes

NX97SE 2.00 9775 7467

NX97SE 2.01 NX 9775 7467 Chapel
NX97SE 2.02 Cancelled: see NX97SE 94

(NX 9775 7467) Castle(NR) (site of)
OS 6" map (1970)

A royal castle was established on the motte at Castledykes. It was rebuilt in stone in the 1260's and during the Edwardian occupation, a great ditch was dug around the castle, which was also encircled by a wooden paling. There is a strong belief that this castle was destroyed after its capture by Bruce in 1313 and was not rebuilt.
SBS Dumfries 1977

The RCAHMS state that it is not now possible to determine the layout of the castle due to landscaping, but describe the oblong mound SE of Castledykes mansion as the remains of a motte, where remains of a ditch and rampart may be seen round its E and S sides; the associated bailey probably extended W towards the river. Small scale excavations here in 1953 revealed traces of walling, just SW of, and also N of the flagstaff (see NX97SE 2.1.) Some 20 pieces of pottery, mainly 13th / 14th century in date, were recovered and are now in Dumfries Museum.
(This castle is erroneously named "Comyn's Castle" on earlier editions of the OS maps.)
RCAHMS 1920, visited 1915; A E Truckell 1955; A E Truckell and J Williams 1967; J Williams 1968.

 
Books and References

Colvin, H M (ed.) (1963-73) The history of the King's Works, 6v (and plans) London
Held at RCAHMS F.5.1.KIN

Gourlay and Turner, R and A (1977f) Historic Dumfries: the archaeological implications of development, , Scottish burgh survey series {Glasgow}
Page(s): 9-10 Held at RCAHMS C.3.3.BUR

RCAHMS (1914) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Fifth report and inventory of monuments and constructions in Galloway, II, county of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, Edinburgh
Page(s): 49-51, No.128 Held at RCAHMS A.1.1.INV(5).R

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Charity SC026749