Annan, Mote Of Annan

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Alternative Names Annan Castle; Moat House; River Annan
Site Type MOTTE AND BAILEY (MEDIEVAL)
Canmore ID 66490
Site Number NY16NE 4
NGR NY 1920 6675
Council DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY
Parish ANNAN
Former Region DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY
Former District ANNANDALE AND ESKDALE
Former County DUMFRIES-SHIRE
Datum OSGB36 - NGR

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Notes and Activities

Archaeological Notes

NY16NE 4 1920 6675

See also under Annan burgh (NY16NE 133).

(NY 1920 6675) Mote (NR)
OS 6" map (1947)

The Mote of Annan was a 12th. century mote-castle. The mote itself is some 50 feet high with a level top measuring 50 feet by 22 feet. A broad trench separates it from the base-court which extends southwards for about 270 feet. The mote and probably the base court, too, was surrounded by a trench on those sides away from the river; but the whole site has been much affected by the formation of the garden in which it stands.
RCAHMS 1920.

This motte and bailey is generally as described above. The level area at the summit of the motte proper is now reduced, caused by a change of course of the River Annan to a ridge-like strip 3.0m broad and 7.0m long. The broad trench separating the motte from the bailey has a depth of 1.5 metres below the level of the bailey.
Revised at 25".
Visited by OS (RDL) 27 February 1963

No change to previous field report.
Visited by OS (JP) 22 February 1973.

Listed as Annan, motte-and-bailey and medieval pottery.
RCAHMS 1997.

See also 'Inventory of Dumfries', 1920, p. 3.

EXTERNAL REFERENCE

Robert the Bruce's Stone.

Receipt by James Ramie to Mr George Blaire, Clerk of Annan, factor to the Marquess of Annandale, for eighteen pence 'for hewing and laying ane harth of stoune in Richard Grahame of Blackwood's house in Annan where Robert the Bruce's stoune was taken out for the said noble Marques his use'.

13 November 1723 Couchers George Blair's accounts NRA(S) 393 Bundle 168

(Johnstone of Annandale).

(Undated) information in NMRS.

Scheduled as 'Mote of Annan, motte-and-bailey castle, 70m SSW of Moat House... [situated] between the W edge of the town of Annan and the E bank of the River Annan at 10m above sea level.'
Information from Historic Scotland, scheduling document dated 19 December 2007.

 
Books and References

Brooke, C J (2000) Safe sanctuaries: security and defence in Anglo-Scottish border churches 1290-1690, Edinburgh
Page(s): 330-331 Held at RCAHMS F.5.31.BRO

Coventry, M (2001) The castles of Scotland Musselburgh
Page(s): 53 Held at RCAHMS F.5.2.COV

RCAHMS (1920) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Seventh report with inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Dumfries, Edinburgh
Page(s): xxxi, 2, no.3 figs.1, 9 Held at RCAHMS A.1.1.INV(7)

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Charity SC026749