Peterhead Airfield

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Alternative Names Longside Airfield
Site Type AIRFIELD (20TH CENTURY)
Canmore ID 80723
Site Number NK04NE 12
NGR NK 0758 4728
Council ABERDEENSHIRE
Parish LONGSIDE
Former Region GRAMPIAN
Former District BANFF AND BUCHAN
Former County ABERDEENSHIRE
Datum OSGB36 - NGR
NGR Desc Centred NK 0758 4728

Canmore Mapping
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Notes and Activities

Archaeological Notes

NK04NE 12.00 centred 0758 4728

For the Airfield Operations Block see NK14NW 503, for further structures see also NK04NE 22 and NK04NE 23.

NK04NE 12.01 Centred NK 0900 4645 Military Camp
NK04NE 12.02 Centred NK 0980 4685 Military Camp
NK04NE 12.03 NK 0752 4630 Building
NK04NE 12.04 Centred NK 0911 4699 Sewage works
NK04NE 12.05 Centred NK 0919 4667 Military Camp
NK04NE 12.06 NK 0899 4673 Building
NK04NE 12.07 Centred NK 0822 4690 Military Camp (Technical area)
NK04NE 12.08 Centred NK 0870 4605 Military Camps
NK04NE 12.09 Centred NK 0865 4553 Military Camps
NK04NE 12.10 NK 08049 47594 Pillbox
NK04NE 12.11 NK 07590 47634 Pillbox
NK04NE 12.12 NK 07389 47418 Pillbox
NK04NE 12.13 NK 07278 47203 Pillbox
NK04NE 12.14 NK 07390 46814 Pillbox
NK04NE 12.15 NK 07563 46732 Pillbox
NK04NE 12.16 NK 07858 46269 Building
NK04NE 12.17 c. NK 0832 4751 Pillbox
NK04NE 12.18 Centred NK 07433 46629 Dispersal Bays

For satellite Peterhead or Cairnbulg airfield (centred NK 040 644), see NK06SW 26.

World War II: mainly disused but part of runway used by Bond Helicopters: visible on air photographs AAS/93/15/G32/14-15, flown 11 November 1993. Copies held by Grampian Regional Council SMR.
NMRS, MS/712/6.

Air photographs: AAS/94/01/G1/16-30.
NMRS, MS/712/21.

Situated about 4 miles W of Peterhead and N of the A950 road. Much of the airfield has been returned to agricultural use whilst other areas have been utilised for industrial estate. Many buildings including pillboxes survive particularly on the E and N sides. The control tower/watch office has been demolished (Smith 1983).
J Guy 1993; NMRS MS 810/1, 82-7

An archaeological desk-based assessment and rapid field survey was undertaken in March 1997 on the proposed route of a pipeline running from St Fergus Offtake Station to the proposed pressure reducing station at Peterhead Power Station. Five sites situated within the corridor examined were listed in the NMRS. The following is amongst the sites identified in the assessment:.
NK 076 473 Peterhead Airfield
Several other enclosures, wells, tracks, field boundaries and dykes were also recorded. Fuller report in the NMRS.
Sponsor: Penspen Ltd.
R Strachan 1997.

Site recorded during a watching brief and excavations undertaken on the route of the pipeline during May and June 1998. The route had previously been assessed (Strachan 1997).
Monitoring of the topsoil stripping ensured that damage to known sites was minimal. Monitoring within the Peterhead Airfield/Longside Airfield (NMRS NK04NE 12) revealed no sites of archaeological interest.
A report has been lodged with NMRS and Aberdeenshire SMR.
Sponsor: Penspen Ltd for Scottish Hydro-Electric plc.
R Strachan 1998.

Examination of the immediate postwar RAF vertical air photographs (106G/UK 1125, 3109-3112; 3185-3187 and 4155-4159, flown 15 January 1946) show the almost complete airfield, all of the dispersed accommodation camps and ancilliary buildings. Also visible are several pillboxes, the 'Battle H.Q. and many of the aircraft hangars and dispersal bays.
Aerial photographs taken in 1969, (OS 69 176, 59-63, flown 6 June 1969) show that by this date the hangars has been removed, but the dispersed sites still retained many of their buildings and huts.
Information from RCAHMS (DE), November 2004



 
External Links

Aberdeenshire Historic Environment Record


 
Books and References

Hughes, J (1999) A steep turn to the stars: a history of aviation in the Moray Firth, Revision Peterborough
Page(s): 163-66 Held at RCAHMS J.6.8.HUG

Innes, G B (1995) British airfield buildings of the Second World War, Aviation pocket guide 1 East Shilton, Leicestershire
Page(s): 18, 36, 37, 43, 46, 50, 52, 55, 60, 78, 89, 90, 91, 93, 98, 100 Held at RCAHMS J.6.8.INN

Osborne, M (2004) Defending Britain Twentieth-century military structures in the landscape, The Mill, Brimscombe Port, Stroud, Gloucestershire
Page(s): 99, 102, 232, 237

Quarrie, B (ed) (1987) Action stations 10: supplement and index, Wellingborough, Northants
Page(s): 90 Held at RCAHMS J.6.8.QUA

Smith, D J (1983) Action stations 7: military airfields of Scotland, the North-East and Northern Ireland, Action Stations series Cambridge
Page(s): 169-72 Held at RCAHMS J.6.8.SMI

Strachan and Dunwell, R and A (2003) 'Excavations of Neolithic and Bronze Age sites near Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, 1998', Proc Soc Antiq Scot, vol.133
Page(s): 138-71

Strachan, R (1997b) 'St Fergus to Peterhead (St Fergus; Peterhead parishes), archaeological assessment', Discovery Excav Scot
Page(s): 11

Strachan, R (1998a) 'St Fergus to Peterhead gas pipeline (St Fergus; Longside; Peterhead parishes), watching brief and excavations', Discovery Excav Scot
Page(s): 9-10

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